Both adult dogs and puppies require sufficient nutrients to meet energy needs and to maintain and repair body tissues. The amount you feed your dog should be based on his or her size and energy output. Activity levels may vary dramatically between pets, and will play an important role in determining caloric intake.
The nutritional requirements of dog food is 75% similar to humans leading to more prior concentration towards dog health. The six basic nutrients, which should be provided to a dog in order to improve its lifetime and keep the dog healthy are: water, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
These are essentially required nutrients as a part of dog’s regular diet and are involved in all the basic functions of the body. Minerals needed in larger amounts include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, chloride, sulfur and potassium.
It is important to alternate between dry food and cooked food for your dogs, not forgetting sufficient clean and fresh water in a separate bowl.