Dog Nutrition

Dogs require 6 major nutrients

And these are as shown below:

1. Protein

Protein is made from small units (Building blocks) called Amino acids. Amino acids are classified as Non-Essential (Produced in the body of a dog naturally and is sufficient, doesn’t require to be supplemented), and Essential (Not stored in the body of a dog, and are constantly metabolized and need to be supplemented through a balanced diet). There are about 20 types of Amino acids which are required by a dog in synthesis of Protein. Protein is used by the Dog’s body for

  • i) Growth (Young, & Adults Dogs)
  • ii) Tissue Repair
  • iii) Enzyme Manufacture
  • iv) Oxygen transfer by blood (Hemoglobin).
  • v) Immune functions (Antibody Formation).
The protein in a Dog Food can be from Plant or Animal source. An adult Dog requires a bout 18 - 25% of Protein in its diet for good health. In our Products, Top sources of Protein are Omena and Soya.

2. Carbohydrates:

Carbohydrate is composed of Cellulose, Starches, Disaccharides and Monosaccharide’s (Simple Sugars or Glucose). It is the Simple Sugar or Glucose which when oxidized releases energy for the Dog. The Energy is required by the Dog for Movement during security, herding, Racing, and Reproduction. The carbohydrates used in Dog food are Majorly from Cereals such as maize, Rice, Barley, Wheat and oats. An adult Dog requires 30 - 70% of carbohydrates in its diet.

3. Fat

The Building blocks of Fat are triglycerides (which are composed of a glycerol molecule and 3 Fatty acids). A chain of triglycerides joined together forms Fat. Fat is used for

  • i) Skin and hair coat formation
  • ii) Immune system (White Blood cells formation)
  • iii) Energy generation incase of scarcity of carbohydrates. Fats can be from animal or plant source i.e. Fish meal, meat, Maize, Soya or wheat. For an adult Dog the average Fat requirement is 10 - 15 percent.

4. Water

Is composed of Oxygen and hydrogen as the smallest units. Water exists as Liquid. Water is used by the dog’s body to:

  • i) Regulate body temperature
  • ii) Lubricate body tissues such as Joints, and
  • iii) As a media for many Chemical reactions.
Sources of water in a Dog are:
  • i) Food eaten
  • ii) Water
  • The amount of water required by the Dog is depends upon the amount of Food eaten.
5. Minerals

Are Simple in structure. Categorized as Macro, or Micro. Macro Minerals:-Are minerals such as Calcium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Chlorine, potassium and Magnesium which are required in Dog Food in greater amount. Micro Minerals:-Are Minerals such as Iron, zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium, Iodine which are required in small amounts in Dog Food. Calcium and Phosphorus are needed in borne formation. Iron is needed in Blood (Formation of Hemoglobin). Generally minerals are essential in formation of most of the enzymes in the body of a Dog. Some minerals act as catalysts in many body reactions (Biochemical reactions).

6. Vitamins
They are Organic Compounds with some other elements like nitrogen, hydrogen and etc attached to them. Classified as Fat Soluble Vitamin (A, D, E, & K), and as Water Soluble Vitamin (B & C). Vitamin work in conjunction with other nutrients to benefit the Dog health wise. In most of the Dog’s body biochemical reactions vitamins are also used as catalysts. Vitamin E helps in Dogs immune system and Vitamin A is important for a healthy skin and hair. Heritage Foods Kenya Limited Manufactures Dog food which takes care of your Dog/s with 6-full nutritional needs as explained above.

Fat is used for:
  • i) Skin and hair coat formation
  • ii) Immune system (White Blood cells formation).
  • iii) Energy generation incase of scarcity of carbohydrates.
Fats can be from animal or plant source i.e. Fish meal, meat, Maize, Soya, or wheat. For an adult Dog the average Fat requirement is 10-15%.

Is composed of Oxygen and hydrogen as the smallest units. Water exists as Liquid. Water is used by the dog’s body to:

  • i) regulate body temperature
  • ii) lubricate body tissues such as Joints, and
  • iii) As a media for many Chemical reactions.

Sources of water in a Dog are: - i) Food eaten, and ii) Water. The amount of water required by the Dog is depends upon the amount of Food eaten.

Are Simple in structure. Categorized as Macro, or Micro. Macro Minerals:-Are minerals such as Calcium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Chlorine, potassium and Magnesium which are required in Dog Food in greater amount. Micro Minerals:-Are Minerals such as Iron, zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium, Iodine which are required in small amounts in Dog Food. Calcium and Phosphorus are needed in borne formation. Iron is needed in Blood (Formation of Hemoglobin). Generally minerals are essential in formation of most of the enzymes in the body of a Dog. Some minerals act as catalysts in many body reactions (Biochemical reactions).